Falsely Arrested, Maliciously Prosecuted,  Beaten By the Police, or Unjustly Convicted
Our NYC Police Misconduct Lawyers Can Help


NEW YORK CITY: 212-858-0503

WESTCHESTER: 914-574-8330

Our New York City police misconduct lawyers are highly experienced trial attorneys who regularly handle police brutality, false arrest, malicious prosecution, wrongful conviction and police misconduct cases in New York City, including Manhattan, the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn and Westchester County, including White Plains, Yonkers, Rye, Mount Kisco and Rockland County.

As an experienced New York criminal defense lawyer and civil rights lawyer, Michael Joseph has successfully defended criminal cases in which the accused was the victim of wrongful and false arrest and malicious prosecution in New York City and Westchester. Our New York police misconduct lawyers experienced in handling false arrest and malicious prosecution cases where the police use excessive force and assaulted civilians and then fabricate evidence to justify the use of force and assault. If you were falsely arrested and the police are lying to cover up the fact that they beat you up, call our NYC wrongful arrest, false arrest and malicious prosecution lawyers.

Police in New York and Westchester will often charge people with disorderly conduct, resisting arrest and obstructing governmental administration to justify a baseless arrest and use of force. Our New York and Westchester police misconduct lawyers know how to look closely at the details to expose what really happened. To expose that our clients were subjected to a wrongful arrest, our attorneys work quickly to get surveillance footage that undermines the police officer's version of the events and which can prove you are innocent. 

One of the most frequent questions that our Westchester and NYC police misconduct attorneys are asked is can you sue for a wrongful arrest or a false arrest. Both Federal and New York State Law gives citizens the right to sue the police and government employees for violations of their civil rights and liberties.  Police brutality and police misconduct are serious offenses which should not be ignored.  Our New York City police misconduct attorneys have recovered substantial compensation for people who were falsely arrested, maliciously prosecuted, falsely imprisoned and subjected to excessive force by the police.



If you were harmed because of the improper actions of the police or other government officials, the law allows you to seek compensation for what happened to you. Our New York civil rights attorneys are committed to make sure that those who abuse their power are held accountable and that victims of police or other governmental misconduct are properly compensated. Whether you were the victim of police brutality, false arrest, malicious prosecution or were wrongfully convicted, our NYC police misconduct attorneys can help.

A few of the areas which our New York civil right lawyers have experience are as follows. 

We Can Handle Police Brutality Cases


Our New York City police brutality attorneys have handled numerous cases of excessive force in New York City and Westchester. Every citizen has the right under the United States Constitution to not be beaten or subjected to excessive force by police officers during an arrest.

Generally, police officer must use only the amount of force which is reasonable to subdue a suspect. Often in the arrest context, police officers in New York, will use more force than necessary or use force when none is necessary. If the person being arrested is not resisting, then the officer is not entitled to use any force.

Our New York City and Westchester police brutality lawyers are aggressive in finding witnesses, documenting injuries and mechanisms of injury to expose the lies. Our attorneys are aggressive in securing video evidence to demonstrate what really happened. While most jurors are inclined to believe police officer, where there is video evidence that show they are lying, our police misconduct attorneys make every effort to get the video evidence. Our New York police brutality lawyers have handled numerous cases of unjustified use of mace, pepper spray and beating a suspect who was handcuffed.



Counties, such as Westchester County and New York City can be sued when they don’t provide adequate safety in a County or City jail.  New York Courts recognize that prison officials are responsible to protect prisoners from violence and assaults by other prisoners. Under these laws, correction officers who permit or turn a blind eye to beatings and even prison rape to occur can be sued.

Under New York state law, prison officers can also be held liable for failing to protect prisoners from dangerous inmates. Deliberate indifference and negligence can be proven where corrections officers ignore threats to an inmate, fail to properly classify inmates and separate gang members.


Often, prison time is incorrectly calculated or due to ministerial or clerical errors, inmates are released from prison late. When this happens, a lawsuit for wrongful incarceration can be brought. Common scenarios for Wrongful Incarceration occur when a jail holds an inmate beyond their release date or when a person not released when a Judge orders their release. Our New York Wrongful Incarceration attorneys have handled numerous wrongful incarceration cases both in New York City and Westchester. 


Our New York malicious prosecution attorneys are among some of the most experienced civil rights attorneys in New York State and Westchester County. Our malicious prosecution lawyers have handed several high profile false arrest and malicious prosecution cases for exonerees, doctors, professionals and even police officers who were maliciously prosecuted. Our New York malicious prosecution attorneys have been active in the State and Federal Courts in moving the law forward in a positive decision. We have successfully argued before the United States Second Circuit Court of Appeals and expanded the law to recognize different circumstances under which a malicious prosecution claim can be presented. 

New York State recognizes a cause of action for malicious prosecution and under Federal Law, 42 U.S.C. 1983, a person who has been maliciously prosecuted for being deprived of their civil liberties, including the right not to be subjected to a malicious prosecution. To win a malicious prosecution case, the Plaintiff has to prove that the defendant, usually a police officer or detective, initiated a prosecution or continued a prosecution when they knew it was baseless, that there was a lack of probable cause to believe that the prosecution could succeed, that the prosecution terminated in your favor and that there was malice. 


In order to prove a malicious prosecution case you have to prove there was a lack of probable cause. To prove there was no probable cause, a Plaintiff has to show that the evidence which the police asserted established probable cause was fabricated or that they withheld information that was favorable and vitiated probable cause. Where there is a civilian complaining witness or confidential informant, you have to show the police knew the witness was not credible. The probable cause standard in a malicious prosecution case is different than the lack of probable cause standard in a false arrest case. For false arrest, you need to prove there was no probable cause at all for the arrest, however in the malicious prosecution context, there has to be probable cause for each offense charged, so when an officer adds a more serious charge, to a valid lesser charge, they can still be sued for malicious prosecution.Our New York malicious prosecution attorneys are meticulous in analyzing evidence that was used in a prosecution and proving that probable cause was lacking. 


Thanks to a 2022 United States Supreme Court deision, the definition of favorable termination is now more broad. To establish a favorable termination, the requirement is that the prosecution is at an end and did not result in a conviction. While prior to 2022, the standard in New York was that the conviction was not inconsistent with innocence and the Second Circuit required that a case end in a manner that was indicative of innocence, this new rule is far more advantageous to clients. So if you case was abandoned by the prosecution, dismissed in the interest of justice or even dismissed for facial insufficiency, you may be able to now sue. 


THE DUE PROCESS CLAUSE  Sometimes, You Can Sue For Due Process Violations Even If You Cannot
Sue For Malicious Prosecution

The Due Process clause allows people to sue if their rights to Due Process were violated. In this context, the Courts have recognized that if the police fabricate evidence, or withhold or suppress evidence that is favorable to some one who is accused of a crime, that is sufficient to establish a violation of the Due Process Clause.  The Due Process clause does not have a favorable termination requirement, so you can sue under the Due Process Clause even if you received a dismissal based upon facial sufficiency or some other dismissal that does not qualify for a malicous prosecution case. But obviously, if you were convicted you cannot sue, unless the conviction was overturned or vacated. 


The Due Process clause allows a person who was incarcerated while waiting for trial, to sue, if the police were in possession of evidence that showed the accused was actually innocent. This is often referred to as a Russo Claim. The most common example of a Russo Claim or a Due Process claim based upon prolonged detention occurs when the police have video evidence or forensic evidence which shows that someone else committed the crime, and exonerates the accused.  

UNJUST CONVICTION- THE COURT OF CLAIMS 8B CLAIM No Amount of Money Can Undo the Harm Caused By The Incarceration of An Innocent Person

If your conviction was vacated or reversed and you served prison time, even though you were actually innocent of the crime for which you were prosecuted, then  you may be entitled to compensation. New York has set up a compensation program under section 8B of the Court of Claims Act, in which the State will compensate innocent people who were wrongfully incarcerated or imprisoned, if their conviction was vacated. Our New York attorneys who represent exonerees know the damage that being wrongfully incarcerated does to a person's life. You can seek compensation for wrongful incarceration in the New York Court of Claims and sue those responsible in the New York State and Federal Courts for malicious prosecution at the same time.  If you spent time in jail for a crime that you did not commit and were exonerated, call our New York wrongful incarceration attorneys. 

These claims have strict deadlines and require that a Notice of Intention to File a Claim be filed with the Attorney General's office within 90 days of the person's release from incarceration, then a claim must be filed within two years of the release. If you have an 8b claim, do not wait until the last minute, because the claim requires that you submit evidentiary evidence with your claim, which can take a significant amount of time to properly prepare. 

A Claimant seeking compensation for an unjust conviction under Section 8-b of the Court of Claims Act (“Section 8-b”) must prove by “clear and convincing” evidence that: (a) he or she was convicted of a felony, sentenced to a term of imprisonment, and has served all or part of that sentence; (b) that his or her conviction was reversed or vacated on a ground set forth in CPL 440.10 or 470.20; (c) he or she did not commit the acts charged in the accusatory instrument; and (d) he or she did not, by his own conduct, cause or bring about his conviction.

In order to present the claim for unjust conviction and imprisonment, claimant must establish by documentary evidence that (i) he has been pardoned upon the ground of innocence of the crime or crimes for which he was sentenced and which are the grounds for the complaint; or (ii) his judgment of conviction was reversed or vacated, and the accusatory instrument dismissed or, if a new trial was ordered, either he was found not guilty at the new trial or he was not retried and the accusatory instrument dismissed; provided that the judgment of conviction was reversed or vacated, and the accusatory instrument was dismissed. 

The pleading requirements are stringent in a claim for unjust conviction. The claim must state facts in sufficient detail to permit the court to find that claimant is likely to succeed at trial in proving that (a) he did not commit any of the acts charged in the accusatory instrument or his acts or omissions charged in the accusatory instrument did not constitute a felony or misdemeanor against the state, and (b) he did not by his own conduct cause or bring about his conviction. The claim shall be verified by the claimant. If the court finds after reading the claim that claimant is not likely to succeed at trial, it shall dismiss the claim, either on its own motion or on the motion of the state. This means that even cases with merit can be dismissed if they are not drafted correctly. So if you have an unjust conviction claim, consult with our New York unjust conviction lawyers so your case gets presented correctly.


One of the most frequent questions that our NYC false arrest and malicious prosecution lawyers are asked is how much can I sue for false arrest? The answer is it depends. False arrest, by itself only covers the time period up until you are arranged. So you are entitled to monetary damages for whatever period of time that you were confined. If you were just detained, and then released you can sue for the annoyance and embarrassment for that time period. However, if you were arrested and spent the weekend in jail, waiting to see the Judge, obviously you are entitled to much more significant damages. If the police acted improperly and made up a reason to arrest you, then you can also recover punitive damages. 

To recover for damage caused by a prosecution, you need to sue for malicious prosecution or for civil rights violations under the Due Process clause of the United States Prosecution. Our NYC and Westchester false arrest and malicious prosecution attorneys have won million dollar awards in these cases, because the damages for malicious prosecution can be much more significant. They can include loss of a job or career because of a wrongful prosecution, the attorneys fees which you spent to defend the criminal case, money for emotional pain and suffering including anxiety and depression, as well as compensation for any time you spent in prison.  

For an excessive force or police brutality case, you are entitled to sue for compensation for your injuries and the amount that you can receive depends on the nature and extent of your injuries. You can also sue for lost earnings or a lost earning capacity if your injuries prevent you from being able to do your normal job. 

To discuss the value of your false arrest, malicious prosecution or excessive force case, call our New York police misconduct lawyers today. 


(212) 858-0503 Send a message

The Law Office of Michael H. Joseph, PLLC

Law Office of Michael H. Joseph, PLLC

The Law Office of Michael H. Joseph, PLLC, has been helping injured victims recover compensation for their injuries for over a decade. Our attorneys are members of several prestigious organizations, including: 

  • New York State Trial Lawyers Association
  • American Association for Justice
  • New York County Bar Association
  • Westchester County Bar Association

To request your free initial consultation with our team, call our New York City office at (212) 858-0503 or our White Plains office at (914) 574-8330. You can also request a case review online.

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