Is The Driver Or Pedestrian At Fault In A Car-Pedestrian Accident?

Who Can Be Held Liable In Pedestrian Accident Cases?

When talking about liabilities, you’re talking about a couple of different things where a pedestrian’s been hit by a car. If someone’s been hit by a car, first of all, the car that hit them has to provide what’s called First Party or No Fault benefits. That means that the insurance company of the car that hit them has to pay their medical bills and their lost wages. That’s the law in the state of New York.

Typically, most people who get into these kinds of accidents are nervous and scared because they don’t know who is going to pay their medical bills and who is responsible but the law in New York says that the car that hit a pedestrian is on the hook to pay the medical bills and the lost wages. Those are the first party benefits.

Typically, the company that’s responsible can be found by looking at the police accident report because it has a code as to who the insurance company is. That’s how it can be traced.

If the car or vehicle that was turning hit the person, they are certainly responsible and can be held liable for any injuries that they caused. There are a lot of nuances like this. For example, you have to file a notice of an application for no fault benefits within 30 days of any accident to get the benefits, which means right away, you have to figure out who the insurance company is, otherwise you may be left without any medical coverage for this type of accident.

Typically, with a bus or any kind of public municipal vehicle, they are also responsible to pay the no fault benefits, but to be able to sue them, you’d have to file a notice of claim within 90 days. The same is true for any public authority’s vehicle such as like the city of New York sanitation department. Liberty Lines in Westchester is a big bus company, so there are a lot of nuances to who can be held liable and the procedural steps that you have to take to be able to pursue your rights against a responsible driver.

The other big thing you have to worry about is if a motor vehicle leaves the scene of an accident, they’ll hit someone and then they just take off. In that case, if you have a vehicle which has insurance or you live in the same household of somebody who has insurance, you are entitled to what’s called Uninsured Motorist benefits, which means that your own insurance company basically steps in the place of that other insurance company for the driver that took off and provides you the benefits. You can also make the claim for Uninsured Motorist Benefits, which is compensation for pain and for suffering for the fault of the car that actually hit you. However, you do that through your own insurance company if the car took off.

In cases where a car took off, as commonly seen in the New York city especially in Manhattan where people don’t drive, there is a state fund called the New York Motor Vehicle Accident Indemnification Corp. This will basically provide the first party benefits and will take the place and provide the minimum insurance for a vehicle that took off or for a vehicle that was involved in a hit and run of a pedestrian.

However, there are lot of things you have to do to get those. You have to make an application, you have to call the police within 24 hours of the accident, there has to be a report, so there are a bunch of little steps involved. So you really do need an experienced car accident or New York City personal injury lawyer to help you with if you’ve been in this type of an accident.

What If The Pedestrian Is Found To Be Partially At Fault?

Typically, the only time a person may be partially at fault is if they weren’t crossing their crosswalk or if they were crossing against the light. Otherwise, under New York’s Vehicle and Traffic Law, section 1146, the pedestrian always has the right of way and the vehicle turning or entering the roadway has the responsibility to yield to the pedestrian.

In case if you are crossing against the light, the situation changes a little bit because the pedestrian has the obligation to make sure the road is clear before they step into the street. There is no technical rule requiring you to wait for a light to change but in New York, the rule is that you have an obligation to make sure the road is clear before you begin to cross.

If you fail to do that or you cross against the light or you cross from the place other than the crosswalk and basically step into the path of the vehicle, it’s often called darting out. If someone darts out, then the vehicle may not necessarily be 100 per cent at fault.

If you need help identifying Who Is At Fault In A Car-Pedestrian Accident Case, call the law office of Attorney Michael Joseph for a free initial consultation at (914) 574-8330 and get the information and legal answers you’re seeking.

The Law Office of Michael H. Joseph, PLLC

Law Office of Michael H. Joseph, PLLC

The Law Office of Michael H. Joseph, PLLC has been helping injured victims recover compensation for their injuries for over a decade. Our attorneys are members of several prestigious organizations, including: 

  • New York State Trial Lawyers Association
  • American Association for Justice
  • New York County Bar Association
  • Westchester County Bar Association

To request your free initial consultation with our team, call our New York City office at (212) 858-0503 or our White Plains office at (914) 574-8330. You can also request a case review online.

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